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Advantages and disadvantages of coal

Advantages and disadvantages of coal


For quite a long time, coal has been used as a source of energy by mankind. When talking about coal, it is important to talk about the advantages and disadvantages of coal. Although the increase in coal as a source of energy is primarily due to the advantages that it offers, disadvantages of coal still exist.

To decide whether or not coal is a reliable source of energy, experts have taken the advantages and disadvantages of coal into consideration. The assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of coal are very helpful when it relates to replacing traditional sources of energy with modernized ones. Listed below are some of the advantages and disadvantages of coal.

In looking at the advantages and disadvantages of coal, focus will first be placed on the advantages. First and foremost, coal is considered to be one of the most bountiful sources of energy. Pertaining to power generation, coal is one of the most cost effective fossil fuels. Not only is the electricity generated from coal enormous, but it is also more reliable than other sources of energy. Unlike wind power and solar energy, coal as a source of energy is not dependent upon the weather. It can be stored safely; therefore, making it the most reliable source of energy to use in cases of emergency. Furthermore, the infrastructural specifications for transporting and processing coal are far less complicated than other fossil fuels, like natural gas and oil. There are two environmental advantages associated with the use of coal. First of all, when coal is burned, it produces a variety of bi-products that can be utilized for other activities. Secondly, it decreases mankind’s dependence on natural gas and oil, which are both getting exhausted very fast.

To continue the review on the advantages and disadvantages of coal, focus will now be placed on the disadvantages of coal. Air pollution is probably the primary disadvantage of coal. When coal is being burned, harmful gases such as ash, sulphuric dioxide and carbon dioxide are released into the air. Actually, coal gives off twice as much carbon dioxide than

advantages and disadvantages of coal any other fossil fuel. Disadvantages associated with coal power plants include environmental degradation and of course noise pollution.  Often times coal power plants  and refineries do not dispose of their coal waste by products using proper junk removal processes and safety standards, leading to even more environmental pollution.  Furthermore, due to the fact that plant workers have first-hand exposure to the forms of pollution that coal causes, they are more vulnerable to certain types of sicknesses.

There are other advantages and disadvantages of coal; however, these are the most common ones. Although coal is very useful for several things, like many other sources of energy it does have its drawbacks.

Advantages and disadvantages of coal – The Process

Advantages and disadvantages of coal – the process

Electricity from coal is the electrical power produced from the energy kept in coal. Carbon dioxide, produced from historical vegetable materials, provides coal the majority of its power. This energy is released when coal is burnt.

We use coal-generated electrical energy for many different things, here are a few of them:





The whole process of transforming coal into electrical energy has several techniques and is identical to the procedure utilized to transform oil and gas into electrical energy:

A device termed as a pulverizer crushes the coal in to a fine dust.

The coal dust blends with very hot air, which will help the coal burn off more effectively, then the mixture moves to the furnace

The burning coal heats up normal water inside a central heating boiler, producing heavy steam.

Steam produced with the central heating boiler powers an engine known as a turbine, changing heating energy from burning coal into mechanized energy that rotates the turbine engine.

The rotating turbine is utilized to power an electrical generator, a piece of equipment that transforms mechanized energy into electrical energy. Such a thing happens when magnets inside of a copper coil within the generator rotates.

A condenser cools down the heavy steam shifting throughout the turbine. Since the heavy steam is condensed, it transforms back to normal water.

The water comes back to the central heating boiler, along with the cycle takes place once again

Electricity-generating facilities distribute electricity utilizing a transformer, which boosts the voltage on the electrical energy in accordance with the quantity necessary as well as the length it needs to travel. Voltages in many cases are as much as 500,000 volts at this stage.


Electrical energy streams alongside transmitting lines to substation transformers. These transformers lessen the voltage to be used in the local regions to become served.


In the substation transformers, electrical energy moves alongside distribution lines, which may be either below or above the floor, to towns and cities. Transformers yet again lessen the voltage—this time to about 120 to 140 volts—for risk-free use within houses and companies. The distribution procedure is instant. By the point you’ve flipped the switch to turn the light on, electrical energy has become provided.


advantages and disadvantages of coal

Natural gas and oil can also be utilized to make electrical energy. So how exactly does coal compare with the other non-renewable fuels? When it comes to supply, coal features a very clear advantage. The Usa has almost 300 billion tons of recoverable coal. That is sufficient to last about 300 years if we carry on using coal on the exact same rate as it’s used by us nowadays. Additionally, coal is really a flexible energy

. You can use it as being a stable fuel or it could be transformed into a gasoline to exchange pricey imported fuels.


But how about prices? The mining, transport, electrical energy generation, and pollution-control expenses associated with making use of coal are raising, but both natural gas and oil have become more costly to use as well. This really is, partly, simply because the usa need to import most of its oil supply from other nations around the world. It’s sufficient coal, nonetheless, to deal with its electrical energy requires, with plenty of remaining to foreign trade some coal too.


The price tag on making use of coal should continue being a lot more competing, in comparison with the increasing price of other energy sources. The fact is, producing electrical energy from coal is less expensive than the price of generating electrical energy from gas. In the usa, 23 of the 25 electrical power plants with all the cheapest managing prices are utilizing coal. Low-cost electrical energy, for instance that produced by coal, indicates reduced running expenses for home owners. This benefit can help boost coals competition in the current market.


Advantages and disadvantages of coal – disadvantages

The disadvantages of coal, regrettably, can also be obvious. Very first, coal particles is some unpleasant things. Pull-up some images of coal miners and you’ll see what i’m saying. Excavating coal out from the soil is harmful for human beings and very few live lengthy lives. The burning of coal can also be difficult because it creates enormous quantities of garden greenhouse gases along with normal air pollution that could virtually cover the encompassing region in black in certain parts of the country

advantages and disadvantages of coal

Sulfur oxide and nitrogen oxide emissions from burning coal are responsible for the acidity rainfall that damages or injuries woods. Burning coal has contributed 40% of the overall fractional co2 emissions contributing to worldwide warming. Nonetheless there are additional drawbacks that aren’t well-known. It’s actually strange but a coal plant lets out 100 instances as much radioactive materials in to the atmosphere than the usual nuclear power plant does. What’s a lot more astonishing is the fact that quantity of radioactive materials produced by all of the US coal plants in fact surpasses the total amount consumed as fuel by all US nuclear power plants.

advantages and disadvantages of coal – More

The advantages and disadvantages of coal are easy to formulate. Coal is plentiful. Coal is affordable. Coal is simple to transform to electrical power and it can be done anytime you’ll want to. Furthermore, it has a amazingly low price for each watt created. All this is simply because coal is really a traditional fossil fuel. It is simple to locate, very easy to harvest and needs hardly any difficult work to transform into energy. You simply burn it to boil waters which spins a turbine that produces electrical energy, The advantages and disadvantages of coal incorporate plentiful items, excessive net energy yield, low price, well-developed technology, and polluting of the environment could be moderately handled with correct technology.

We have about 300 years of it remaining, but only A hundred years if we used it to replace gas and oil. Coal energy is considerable and low-priced. The most significant benefit is it is much more abounding than oil or gasoline. The United States has 27% of the universe supply. Russian federation has 17%, China 12% and India 10%.

Another major advantages and disadvantages of coal is its cost. It’s really a less expensive element primarily because of the broad accessibility; an additional advantage of the black diamond. Coal is located pretty much everywhere you go within the entire world in significant supply.  Both these advantages significantly exceed the other energy sources presently in use; oil is really a extremely competitive source and something that orders high costs in the open market place. Considering that oil isn’t accessible in such an plentiful supply as coal, many nations are dependent on its importance and for that reason be forced to pay the given price tag. A disadvantage of coal or commodity that requires  mining is the environment impact which is becoming a bigger concern to our daily lives. A way to lower the environmental impacts of mining coal is the use of new technology such as oak mats to ensure the preservation of terrain that is being mined and  lowers our carbon footprint impact.

And what should certainly not be forgotten is the fact that there isn’t any doubt that coal is the most affordable fossil fuel around the world. If you think even more over it, you will discover that it is really rational: even as we have sufficient of it on the earth, it is perfectly normal for that price tag to be low. Needless to say, the cost will unquestionably go up throughout the following years and even 100′s of years but that’s typical for all those sources which we’ll run out of one day.advantages and disadvantages of coal

Advantages and disadvantages of coal – History

Coal has been around for quite a long time. Actually, during the caveman era, coal was used as a form of heat source.

There are many advantages and disadvantages of coal, and in the United States, during the 1300s; coal was used by the Native Americans for heating, making clay pots and also for cooking. In the mid-1700s in the state of Virginia, the first U.S. coal mining operation was opened.

For many years in England, wood charcoal was used to provide fuel; however, during the 18th century when men started to discover the advantages and disadvantages of coal, it was found out that coal burned hotter and advantages and disadvantages of coalcleaner. Very soon after, during the Industrial Revolution, the use of coal escalated, as there was an increase in the demand of energy sources.

During 19th century America, steam-powered trains became a common mode of transportation. Coal was used during this time to fuel the boilers on these trains. Concurrently, coal was utilized in weapons production throughout the American Civil War, and a coal residue known as coke replaced charcoal as the main fuel that was used in making steel.

In the United States approximately one hundred years ago, the persons found out the various advantages and disadvantages of coal, which resulted in a widespread use for fueling factories, powering boats and railroads, providing cooking heat, generating electricity and heating homes.

The advantages and disadvantages of coal are still known today, as they were known in the past; and although it Is not as popular as it was in the 1900s, it is still a common source of fuel. Since 1970, the production of coal has increased by more than 70%.

If you are a user of electricity, then more than likely you are also a coal customer. 9 tons out of every 10 tons of coal that is mined today in the United States, is used to create electricity. Coal generated electricity amounts for approximately 56% of all the electricity that is used in the United States.

Generation of electricity accounts for only one of the advantages and disadvantages of coal. Other advantages of coal include manufacturing metal products, ceramics, paper, cement and chemicals. Ethylene and methanol, which are sometimes manufactured using coal gas, are utilized in the production of products like tar, fertilizers, various medicines and plastics.

Minecraft minimap and Minecraft world seeds are also great resources for history of the mining and coal industries.

There are specific industries that use a large amount of coal such as paper and concrete companies. These companies burn a lot of coal; however, in keeping with the advantages and disadvantages of coal, burning large amounts of coal destroys the ozone layer. It should also be said that new technologies in the coal industry, are improving the effects that coal production has on the environment.